To Advance and retire, Dance towards the dancer you are Facing and then Dance backward to where you started from. This Scottish Country Dance Figure may be performed Across The set, Up and down The set or on a Diagonal and may involve one dancer or a line of dancers, with the Facing dancer(s) either stationary or, more commonly, also advancing and Retiring. Where a line of dancers is involved, they normally Take hands.
This is simply a combination of Advance and Retire; four bars are normally allocated for the Figure though sometimes only two, as in bars 19-20 and 23-4 of the Strathspey, Bonnie Stronshiray.
See also Set advancing and retire in Setting movements.
For example, here are some Scottish Country Dances in which the term, Advance and retire, is used in either the Minicrib or the Maxicrib Dance instructions or both -
Andrew And Gordon's Jig
New Caledonia Jig
Raki Mountain Trail
Stepping It Out
Tae Fife And Back