The Figure is usually performed by one or more Dancers as individuals though a Couple may Cast together in Promenade hold or Allemande hold or in Tandem.
The Starting and Finishing Positions are usually Places or intermediate Positions on the periphery of The set though the succeeding Figure may require a Finishing Position Inside the set and the preceding Figure may require a Starting Position Inside the set.
The extent of the Casting is usually one Place though, when the destination Place specified is occupied by a Standing dancer, the Casting must be extended by half a Place (compare the movements for 1st Man in the two diagrams). Any greater extent must be specified explicitly by defining either the number of Places or the Finishing Position.
Two bars are usually allocated when the extent of the Casting is one Place; when Casting more than one Place, the Timing is longer but not necessarily pro rata.
Casting has two forms: in the simplest, the preceding Figure (for example, Cross) has left the Dancer Facing Out, as shown in the lower diagram, ready to Dance Out of The set; from Standing, the Dancer must first Turn on the spot to Face Out. The Direction of the Turning on the spot (clockwise or anticlockwise) is the same as the Direction of the succeeding Casting, as shown in the upper diagram. See also Dance in and cast (also known as Cuddle cast) for a slower, more complicated version of Casting from a stationary Position.
The Direction of the Casting is expressed in various ways as specified below.
When the instruction applies with no qualification in a Longwise set, this is essentially an abbreviation for Cast Down.
This instruction usually applies to a Dancer or a Couple in a Longwise set; each Dancer Finishes Below the Starting Position. For example, in both diagrams, 1st Man is shown Casting Down on his Own side.
This is a synonym for Casting Down.
This instruction usually applies to a Dancer or a Couple in a Longwise set; each Dancer Finishes Above the Starting Position. For example, in the lower diagram, 1st Lady is shown Casting Up on her Own side.
This instruction usually applies to a Dancer or a Couple in a Circular set; each Dancer Travels Outside The set in an anticlockwise Direction. It can be used in a Longwise set: for example, in the lower diagram, 1st Couple are shown Casting anticlockwise on their Own sides.
This instruction usually applies to a Dancer or a Couple in a Circular set; each Dancer Travels Outside The set in an clockwise Direction. It can be used in a Longwise set when applicable to more than one Dancer.