Scottish Country Dancing Dictionary

Ddraig Goch

Scottish Country Dance Instruction

DDRAIG GOCH (The Red Dragon) (R8x32) 3C (4C set) E Paul Bond Ness House 2

1- 8 1s set, 1M advancing as 1L turns about, 1L followed by 1M (in Tandem) cast 1 place, dance into centre as 2s step up. 1s+2s dance RH across
9-16 1s dance Tandem (1L leading, 1M following) reel of 3 with 2M+3M giving LSh to 3M and 1s end in centre
17-24 1s dance Tandem reel of 3 with 2L+3L giving RSh to 3L and 1s end in centre side by side, above 2s, facing down
25-32 1s cross below 2s to own sides, cast up round 3s to finish BtoB between 3s (1M facing 3M, 1L facing 3L), set, 1s ¾ turn 3s (Men RH, Ladies LH,) dancing down between 3s to end in 2nd place own side

Note: At end 2nd time through, 1s+3s ¾ turn with other hand (Men LH, Ladies RH) to finish in 4th place own side

(MINICRIB. Dance crib compiled by Charles Upton, Deeside Caledonian Society, and his successors)

Ddraig Goch
E Paul Bond Ness House Collection
Reel 8 x 32 bars 3 Couple Repeat 4 Couple Set Longwise Set

  1-2   1L set, turning on the spot to face out, WHILE 1M set advancing to follow her;

  3-4   1L, followed by 1M, cast and cross to finish in 2nd place on opposite sides;

  5-8   2s1s right hands across, 1s finishing in tandem, 1L leading, facing out on Mn's side;

  9-16 2M1s3M tandem reel of three on the side, 1s3M giving left shoulder to start;

17-24 2L1s3L tandem reel of three on the side, 1s3L giving right shoulder to start, 1s finishing in the centre, facing out toward own sides;

25-28 1s cast on own sides around 3s to finish back-to-back 1M facing 3M, 1L facing 3L;

29-30 3M1M 1L3L set;

31-32 3M1M turn ¾ by the right WHILE 1L3L turn ¾ by the left, finishing 2s1s3s.

(MAXICRIB. Scottish country dancing instructions compiled by Reuben Freemantle)

Dance Notes

  3-4   2s step up.

  3-24 1s dance in tandem throughout, 1L leading.

24-25 The original instructions require 1s to cross down, implying taking hands, but that is a difficult and unnecessary complication.

31-32 1s 3s must move up half a place during the turns in order to finish 1s in 2nd place, 3s in 3rd; 3s make the polite turn.
To improve the flow of the dance between repeats, the original instructions require that, on the even-numbered repeats, 3M1M turn ¾ by the left WHILE 1L3L turn ¾ by the right to finish 2s3s1s in the active set, i.e., as 2nd, 3rd and 4th couples of the full set with the standing couple in 1st place, all ready for the next repeat.

Keith Rose's Crib Diagrams

Dance Instruction Videos

Ddraig Goch - Scottish Country Dancing Instruction Video

Dance Information

Y Ddraig Goch is Welsh for "The Red Dragon", as found in the Welsh Flag.

The national flag of Wales proudly displays a symbol deeply rooted in the country's history and folklore - Y Ddraig Goch, meaning "The Red Dragon." This iconic emblem has become synonymous with Welsh identity and is a symbol of strength, courage, and national pride.

The Welsh flag consists of a bold red dragon on a white and green background. The design is simple yet powerful, evoking a sense of ancient mythology and historical significance. The red dragon itself has a long and storied history, with roots dating back to the early myths and legends of Wales.

The association of the red dragon with Wales can be traced to the legendary tales of King Arthur and the Mabinogion, a collection of Welsh myths and folklore. In these stories, the red dragon is often portrayed as a symbol of Welsh resistance and power, bravely defending the land against invaders.

The adoption of the red dragon as a national symbol gained prominence during the reign of Cadwaladr, a legendary Welsh king. According to the legends, Cadwaladr's dragon became a symbol of hope and unity for the Welsh people during times of conflict.

However, it wasn't until the 15th century that the red dragon found its way onto the national flag. The red dragon became associated with Owain Glyndŵr, a Welsh ruler who led a rebellion against English rule. The red dragon was proudly flown as a banner of defiance, and its significance grew as a symbol of Welsh independence.

In 1959, the red dragon officially became the national flag of Wales, joining the flags of Scotland and England to complete the Union Jack. The design reflects the enduring spirit of the Welsh people and their determination to preserve their unique cultural identity.

Today, Y Ddraig Goch is a symbol that unites the people of Wales, whether on the rugby field, in celebrations, or as a representation of national identity. The red dragon continues to capture the imagination and pride of the Welsh and is a powerful reminder of the country's rich history and the resilience of its people.

The Welsh Flag
The Flag Of Wales Showing The Red Dragon

Dance information licensed under this Creative Commons Licence 3.0.
Text from this original The Flag Of Wales article on Wikipedia.
Additional search terms: Y Ddraig Goch, The Red Dragon.

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