A broadsheet version first appeared in 1790 and it received formal publication as number 199 in Francis James Child's collection The English and Scottish Popular Ballads of 1882.
Although there had been traditional enmity between the Campbells and Ogilvys since at least the sixteenth century, their private feud intensified in 1638, when the two clans joined opposite sides in the National Covenant rebellion: Ogilvy supported the king, Charles I, and Campbell the rebels. When James Ogilvy raised a regiment of several hundred men and marched south to the king's aid, Archibald, claiming to act on behalf of the anti-royalist alliance, seized and destroyed the castle of Airlie.
Child, collecting in the 1870s, found four broadly similar versions of this song. These all describe how the castle was destroyed by fire after Lady Ogilvy refused to reveal the whereabouts of the family treasure. However many other versions continued in oral circulation and the one reproduced here, with its bleak penultimate verse, was collected on 27 June 1955 in Fetterangus by Hamish Henderson and Peter Kennedy from Lucy Stewart.
Lady Margaret looked o'er yon high castle wall,
And O but she sighed sairly.
She saw Argyle and a' his men
Come to plunder the bonny hoose o' Airlie.
"Come doun, come doun Lady Margaret," he said.
"Come doun and kiss me fairly
Or gin the morning's clear daylight
I willna leave a standing stane in Airlie."
"I'll no come doun, ye false Argyll,
Nor will I kiss thee fairly.
I wouldnae kiss the false Argyle
Though you wouldna leave a standin' stane in Airlie."
"For if my gude lord had been at hame,
As he's awa' wi' Chairlie,
There wouldnae come a Campbell frae Argyle
Dare trod upon the bonny green o' Airlie."
"For I hae bore him seven bonny sons,
The eighth yin has never seen his daddy
But if I had as mony ower again
They would all be men for Chairlie."
But poor Lady Margaret was forced to come doun
And O but she sighed sairly
For their in front o' all his men
She was ravished on the bowlin' green o' Airlie.
"Draw your dirks, draw your dirks," cried the brave Locheil.
"Unsheath your sword," cried Chairlie,
"We'll kindle sic a lowe roond the false Argyle,
And licht it wi' a spark oot o' Airlie."