Scottish Country Dancing Dictionary

Berkhamsted Castle

Scottish Country Dance Instruction

BERKHAMSTED CASTLE (R8x32) 3C (4C set) Stephen Webb Berkhamsted Diamond Collection

1- 8 1s cast off one place (4 steps), 1s and 2nd corners turn RH to finish 1s back to back, 1M facing up and 1L facing down, retain hands with corners
9-12 1M+2s and 1L+3s, give hands as in Crown Triangles, all set then, 1s pas-de-basque out while 2s+3s pas-de-basque in all turning R about (2s and 3s are back to back)
13-16 1M+2s and 1L+3s give hands, set and 1s set again as 2s+3s advance setting, to finish 2s in 1st place and 3s in own place
17-24 1s turn 1¼ RH to face out on opposite sides and cast to R, 1s dance ½ Fig of 8 across to finish in 2nd place own sides
25-32 2s+1s+3s circle 6H round and back

(MINICRIB. Dance crib compiled by Charles Upton, Deeside Caledonian Society, and his successors)

Keith Rose's Crib Diagrams

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Berkhamsted Castle - Scottish Country Dancing Instruction Video

Dance Information

Berkhamsted Castle is a Norman motte-and-bailey castle in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire.

Berkhamsted Castle is unusual in having a double moat. A double bank and ditch ran around the whole castle, with both sets of ditches filled with water.

The castle was built to obtain control of a key route between London and the Midlands during the Norman conquest of England in the 11th century. Robert of Mortain, William the Conqueror's half brother, was probably responsible for managing its construction, after which he became the castle's owner. The castle was surrounded by protective earthworks and a deer park for hunting. The castle became a new administrative centre of the former Anglo-Saxon settlement of Berkhamsted. Subsequent kings granted the castle to their chancellors. The castle was substantially expanded in the mid-12th century, probably by Thomas Becket.

The castle was besieged in 1216 during the civil war between King John and rebellious barons, who were supported by France. It was successfully captured after Prince Louis, the future Louis VIII, attacked it with siege engines for twenty days, forcing the garrison to surrender. After being retaken by royal forces the subsequent year, it was given to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, beginning a long association with the Earldom of Cornwall and the later duchy. Richard redeveloped the castle as a palatial residence, and made it the centre of the earldom's administration. Edward III further developed the castle in the 14th century and gave it to his son, Edward, the Black Prince, who expanded the hunting grounds. The castle was also used to hold royal prisoners, including John II of France and rival claimants to the English throne.

In the late 15th century, the castle became increasingly unfashionable and fell into decline. By the mid-16th century, it was in ruins and unsuitable for royal use. Stone was taken from the castle to build houses and other buildings in the town. The castle was almost destroyed during the construction of the London and Birmingham Railway in the 1830s. As a result, it became the first building in Britain to receive statutory protection from Parliament. In 1930, the castle passed from the Duchy of Cornwall to the government's control. It is maintained as a tourist attraction by English Heritage.

Berkhamsted Castle
Berkhamsted Castle Showing The Inner Moat

Dance information licensed under this Creative Commons Licence 3.0.
Text from this original Berkhamsted Castle article on Wikipedia.
Image copyright Rob Farrow under this Creative Commons Licence 2.0.

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